A Guide to Hungarian Courts
A Guide to Hungarian CourtsUpdated on Monday 27th February 2023
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The judicial system in Hungary is overseen by the following courts:
- the Supreme Court (the Curia);
- the High Courts of Justice;
- the Municipal Court of Budapest;
- the county courts: 20 in total;
- local and labor courts: 111 district courts.
Courts of first instance in Hungary are local courts having their seats located in major cities. The Municipal Court of Budapest and the county courts deal with lawsuits concerning: copyright and industrial patent protection, claims for compensation for damage, company registration procedures, violation of civil rights, property law (only in certain cases), public administrative cases and others.
Administrative and labor courts in Hungary
There are 20 administrative and labor courts in Hungary. These courts deal with cases that concern administrative decisions and cases concerning employment relationships in Hungary. Twenty regional courts are located throughout the country and one is located in Budapest (the Budapest-Capital Regional Court). The regional courts act in the cases defined by law concerning the Code of Civil Procedure and Code of Criminal Procedure.
Besides the Hungarian courts, our lawyers can also provide you with comprehensive information about other matters that need legal insight. For instance, citizenship in Hungary. If you are planning to apply for citizenship in this country, you are suggested to get in touch with our lawyers. They will not only offer you step-by-step guidance but will also practically assist you. Furthermore, our immigration lawyers can also help you in moving to Hungary. Overall, Hungarian visas are divided into two categories: short-term and long-term. Another important distinction is the number of entries allowed: a single-entry visa allows you to enter the country only once, whereas a multiple-entry visa for Hungary allows you to enter and leave as many times as you need.
The Supreme Court in Hungary
According to Article 25 of the Fundamental Law, the Curia is the highest judicial authority in Hungary. It guarantees the correct application of law and its decisions are binding to other courts.
The Curia is composed of three departments:
Our law firm in Hungary can provide legal representation in various litigation cases.
Each department has various chambers and a department head presides over the department.
The Act on the Organization and Administration of the Courts sets out the main responsibilities of the Curia:
- to examine the appeals submitted against the decisions of the count and regional courts;
- to review the final decisions if they are challenged through an extraordinary remedy;
- to adopt decisions that are binding to other courts;
- to analyse final decisions regarding judicial practice;
- to publish decisions on principles;
- to carry out other duties as referred to by law.
If you need to perform legal actions in Hungary it is advisable to seek the help of a specialized Hungarian lawyer. We will provide our clients with legal advice and counselling in order to start a business in Hungary or to liquidate an existing company.